Abraham’s life is described in Genesis 11
– 25 in the Old Testament. He answered the
call of God who made a covenant with him. Abraham’s
Faith was put to the test by God by being asked
to sacrifice his Son, Isaac. When he showed that
he was willing to do this God substituted Isaac
for a Ram. Abraham is known as a Patriarch. This
means ‘the father of a family or tribe.’
The Jewish, Christian and Muslim Faiths have common
roots in Abraham, which means they all see in Abraham
the beginnings of the Covenant (or promise) that
God made with his people.
– the formal act of a priest announcing the
forgiveness of sins by Christ. For the Ministry
of Absolution see Confession and Reconciliation.
of the Apostles – the fifth book
of the New Testament, and the sequel to the Gospel
according to Luke, written by the same author. It
tells the story of the early church and the Apostles,
beginning with the Ascension of Jesus and Pentecost
– this is the first season of the Church’s
year (or Liturgical Calendar). It’s the preparation
for Christmas, and includes four Sundays. The colours
and sounds of Advent reflect a joyful waiting and
expectation for the coming of Jesus. It prepares
for the celebration of Christ’s coming at
Christmas, and also his Second Coming in glory.
Wreath – a ring of evergreen with
four candles representing the four Sundays of Advent.
There is often a central white candle representing
– the white garment worn by priests and deacons
at the Eucharist. It’s derived from the under-tunic
that was common in the ancient Roman and Greek world
and has been used in Christian worship from an early
date. It was taken to symbolize purity.
– an expression of praise used in the Old
Testament, the New Testament and in Jewish and Christian
worship. In the Church, it is not used during Lent
-that is, from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday. Another
version of the world is Hallelujah.
Saints Day – a day when we celebrate
all the saints of God, known and unknown. It is
celebrated on November 1st. See also Saints.
Souls Day - a day when we commemorate and
remember all those who have died. It is kept on
– the name used for the table of the Eucharist,
made of stone or wood.
– a Hebrew word meaning, ‘So be it’
and used at the end of prayers.
St – an Apostle, and the brother
of St Peter. He is the Patron Saint of Scotland.
– from the Greek word meaning ‘messenger.’
Angels can be found in the Old and New Testament.
They are heavenly or spiritual beings.
– a prayer remembering the Incarnation, when
God became human in Jesus. It’s based on Scriptural
words of or about Mary. It is recited three times
a day at early morning, noon and evening. The name
comes from the Latin of the first word of the opening
sentence: ‘The Angel of the Lord brought tidings
to Mary.’ It’s recitation is usually
accompanied by eighteen rings of the church bell.
For the full text of the Angelus click here.
- a member of a church of the Anglican Communion.
Communion – a family of churches
who hold to the same beliefs as the Church of England
and who look to the leadership of the Archbishop
of Canterbury. Member churches of the Anglican Communion
are often called Episcopalian.
– the celebration of the news given to Mary
that she has been chosen to be the mother of Jesus
and her obedient response to do whatever the Lord
– the ceremonial use of oil is common to many
religions. The Church has used it in many different
ways. In the New Testament it is used as a form
of healing combined with prayer (James 5:14). The
Church also uses it for Baptism, Confirmation and
Ordination, as well as for the consecration of churches,
altars, bells, etc. The title ‘Christ’
comes from the word ‘The Anointed One’
– twelve of Jesus disciples whom he chose
and commissioned for a special role. Apostle means
someone who is ‘sent out.’
– there are many writings and books that the
Church decided would not go into the Bible and these
are called Apocryphal writings.
Creed – A statement of faith. It
falls into three sections concerned with God, Jesus
Christ, and the Holy Spirit, corresponding to the
three baptismal questions.
– relating to the Apostles. It’s also
a word used in the Nicene Creed to describe the
Church. The Church is Apostolic because it has received
its authority from God and teaching from Christ
through the Apostles, and is sent (like the Apostles)
out to carry on Christ’s mission to all people
– the area of a diocese given to a priest
known as an Archdeacon to supervise and care for
the clergy and help with the running of the diocese
in that area
– a bishop whose has oversight of a province
of a church. A province is made up of various diocese.
In the Church of England there are two provinces
– Canterbury and York. The Church in Wales
is one province.
of Wales – the bishop appointed from
among the six diocesan bishops and whose jurisdiction
covers the whole of the Province of the Church in
of Canterbury – the leader of the
Anglican Communion and the primary bishop in the
Church of England.
of York – the bishop appointed to
oversee the Province of York in the Church of England
Dean – see Dean
– after Jesus was raised from the dead he
spent 50 Days with the Apostles and then returned
to his Father. The story is told at the end of the
Gospel according to Luke and the beginning of the
Acts of the Apostles. Jesus took his disciples to
the Mount of Olives and then disappeared from their
sight. (Acts 1)
Wednesday – the first day of Lent
when many Christians a receive ashes on their forehead
in the sign of the cross as a mark or repentance.
of Mary - the belief fthat Mary, at her death, was taken body and soul into heaven. It is a belief of the Roman Catholic Church.
- a small recess in the wall of a church in which
sacred vessels, books, and sometimes the reserved
sacrament might be kept.